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Gum Disease and Diabetes

Woman testing glucoseWith numerous diseases out there in our current world, staying healthy is tough but important, but at the same time getting sick from time to time is inevitable. To complicate things even further, many seemingly unrelated diseases can have hidden consequences. Diabetes, for example, where the body does not produce enough insulin to process sugar, may contribute to gum diseases too.

An understanding of these diseases and their potential consequences is required to come up with the best treatment plan. Some dental issues might not be that simple, and to uncover any possible underlying conditions, it will be a good idea to visit a professional dentist. Here at Smile Family Dentistry, we will fully examine your current health condition and medications as well as your medical history. Everything will be analyzed by our qualified professionals, and the best personalized plan will be provided to help you reach your full potential.

The Relationship

Diabetes thickens the blood vessels which will reduce the number of nutrients carried and waste removed. This will cause the bones and gums to become weaker, making them more prone to infection.

Saliva is meant to kill germs and bacteria. However, an increase in the glucose level in saliva caused by diabetes will help bacteria to grow. Feasting on the extra sugar, they will eventually form plaque which damages the teeth and gums.

On the other hand, having some gum disease increases the risk of getting diabetes because the blood sugar level is raised. Some of the bacteria in the gums will leak into the bloodstream which triggers an immune response. Special and powerful molecules will be released by the body which raises blood sugar levels.


Gum disease and diabetes have a close relationship, so understanding the symptoms of common gum diseases will help in the diagnosis of both diseases. If you are suffering from swollen, red gums, loose teeth, receding gums, abnormally bad breath, gum bleeding, or trouble biting and chewing, please reach out to a dentist to have your teeth and gums checked. X-rays will most likely be used to determine any bone loss. Signs of inflammation will also be identified.

Further symptoms may include dry mouth, soreness, difficulty healing, lack of saliva, and pain in the mouth, face, or during chewing. Regular dental visits are crucial to determining gum problems and potentially diabetes.

Cures and Treatment

Fortunately, just like how closely gum diseases and diabetes affect each other, treatment for one also weakens the other. Depending on the severity of the tartar and plaque, regular cleaning or deep cleaning will be needed. For deep cleaning, oral sedation is most likely required, and the roots of the teeth will be repaired. In serious cases, surgery is needed to fully clean and repair the gums.

Possible medications include antibiotics, pills, and saliva replacements. Any use of tobacco, drugs, and smoking should be stopped as they heavily damage oral health. Lastly, frequent brushing and flossing are what it takes to maintain a healthy smile. For more information and treatment, please do not hesitate to contact us at Smile Family Dentistry at 925-825-1130 today.
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Gum Disease & Diabetes - Concord, CA • Smile Family Dentistry
Smile Family Dentistry - Dr. Kent Davis, 5100 Clayton Road Suite A19, Concord, CA 94521 • 925-825-1130 • • 6/7/2024 • Key Phrases: dentist Concord CA •